Misión Carismática Internacional (G12)
government of 12, International Charismatic Mission, ladder of success, Encounters, Encuentros, Soulfire Revolution
César Castellanos Domínguez
César Castellanos Domínguez, Claudia Castellanos
Bogotá, Colombia (1983)
include Dream and You Will Win the World, Sueña y Ganarás el Mundo, The Ladder of Success, La Escalera del Éxito, Successful Leadership through the Government of 12
Castellanos went to South Korea in the 1980s to learn how to adapt the Korean cell-church model of David Yonggi Cho. G12 is based on a strict disciplinarian model where individual members are accountable to their cell leaders and ultimately to the larger church and its pastors. It is charismatic and involves control principles sometimes known elsewhere as "shepherding."
The high-pressure methods of G12 recruitment/discipleship programs, as well as the need to drastically restructure church priorities to accommodate the G12 system, have caused turmoil and division across Latin America and elsewhere. The secretive, manipulative weekend Encounters have been especially controversial, with allegations of undue psychological pressure and spiritual abuse.
As some churches have become uncomfortable with the leadership of César Castellanos, they have moved from a "G12" (government of 12) identity/approach to a less-restrictive "P12" (principle of 12) identity/approach. In Brazil the movement has taken unique characteristics thanks to the influence of divisive charismatic leaders Valnice Milhomens and Renê Terranova.
Argentina, Belice, Brasil, Brunei, Canadá, Chile, China, Colombia, Corea del Sur, Cuba, El Salvador, Estados Unidos, Filipinas, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, Italia, Kazajstán, Malasia, Mongolia, Perú, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Reino Unido, Rusia, Singapur, Sri Lanka, Sudáfrica, Suiza, Tailandia
include Chinese, English, Finnish, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish